Provide a brief description of the United States higher education
United States, students begin higher education after completing
high school (twelfth grade); students go on to college or university.
Institutions of higher education include two-year colleges (known
as community or junior colleges), four-year colleges, universities,
institutes of technology, vocational and technical schools,
and professional schools such as law and medical schools.
a college or university leading to the Bachelor`s Degree is
known as "undergraduate" education. Study beyond the
Bachelor`s Degree is known as "graduate" school, or
"postgraduate" education. Advanced or graduate degrees
include law, medicine, the M.B.A., and the Ph.D. (doctorate).
Undergraduate programs (Bachelor degree):
This is the first level of post-secondary education
that begins after 12 years of primary and secondary schooling.
It includes at least 4 years of education and earns a bachelorís
degree. There are also two-year programs, which earn an
Associate degree. A student who has an associate degree has
to study further for a minimum of 2 years to earn a bachelorís
degree. In undergraduate programs, students must take
minimum of 12 credit hours to be considered full time.
If they take less then 12 credit hours when they are in
F1 visa then they will be out of status, which means they are
Programs (Masterís & Doctorate degree):
the same as post-graduate education in Nepal. It usually
involves one year or more of education depending on the subject
or course, and earns a masterís or doctoral degree like MBA,
MS or PhD. Admission to a graduate program usually requires
a minimum of 16 years of formal education. That is, 12 years
of primary and secondary schooling and further 4 years of college
education. In graduate programs, students need to take
9 credit hours to be considered full time.
A two-year college
admits high school graduates and awards an Associate`s Degree.
Some two-year colleges are state-supported, or public; others
are private. Two-year college or "junior" college
graduates usually transfer to four-year colleges or universities,
where they complete the Bachelor`s Degree in two or more additional
or junior colleges are undergraduate institutions offering up
to two years of academic instruction beyond secondary school
at a relatively low cost and are funded by a state government.
Community Colleges serve a local community, usually a city or
a county, and meet the educational and vocational needs of local
communities. These offer certificate programs that last for
a few months to a year as well as associate degrees.
They offer Associate
degrees that usually require 2 years of study and Certificate
programs that usually require one year of study. Many students
transfer with their Associateís degree to a Bachelorís degree
program at a University. The benefits of attending a Community
college are lower cost and easier admission. Often community
colleges welcome international students and classes are often
small and less competitive than at larger state universities.
Some community colleges provide housing and advising services
that an international student might need.
Universities are academic institutions that
include one or more undergraduate colleges, as well as any number
of graduate and professional schools, i.e. schools offering
study for a single profession such as law.
A state school is supported and run by a state or local government.
Each of the 50 U.S. states operates at least one state university
and possibly several state colleges. Some state schools have
the word "State" in their names.
and university are operated privately, not by a branch of the
government. Tuition will usually be higher than state schools.
Often, private colleges and universities are smaller in size
than state schools.
Both state and private
schools offer four year Bachelorís degree. However, usually
only universities offer postgraduate degrees such as Masterís
or Doctoral degrees. In addition, universities are sometimes
divided into separate units called "colleges", for
example the "College of Arts and Sciences".
Institutes of technology
or polytechnic institutes offer specialized programs in sciences
and engineering, in addition to basic sciences, humanities and
the social sciences, at both the graduate and undergraduate
starts from end of August to December and spring semester starts
from January to May.
Are Nepali certificates easily accepted in the US?
Nepali certificates are widely accepted in the US, however it
is up to the school to approve class credit transfers from Nepali
Process for US colleges and Universities
What are some of the typical US College or University admission
For Admissions purposes, international students
must meet academic, language and financial requirements as set
by the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
applying for undergraduate admission to any Universities in
America can apply for admission using a paper application or
electronic application on the World Wide Web.
applying for admissions who choose to apply to an American universities
using a paper application for admission should contact the university
directly to which they plan to apply and request an application
packet be sent. Be sure to indicate your intended semester of
entry in all communication. The packet will include the appropriate
application form(s), materials and instructions.
Most of the institutions
require an application fee of $35- $120 (U.S. dollars) depending
on the level of education.
The application fee must be
included with each application submitted. Some institutions
also require an additional processing fee for international
students. This additional fee is required to cover the costs
involved with the processing and evaluation of an international
student application. All fees should be paid in U.S. currency
and drawn on a bank draft or international money order, payable
to the University that student intend to apply. All fees are
subject to change.
and Priority Dates
The best advice for
an international student interested in applying to an American
Universities is to begin the application process early.
Allow plenty of time for submission of all required forms and
credentials. Many campuses have application for admission
deadlines, priority dates or recommended application dates.
Be aware of the time needed to process all necessary documents,
send and receive overseas mail, obtain a passport and visa,
make travel arrangements, take care of all details for your
departure and arrive on campus at the appropriate time for beginning
are required to submit official academic records and certificates
for secondary and post-secondary education. These records include,
but may not be limited to, the General Certificate of Education
(in countries where this national testing program is used),
a certificate of completion from the secondary school attended,
an official academic record from any secondary school attended,
school leaving records, national or other major examination
results and/or diplomas earned. International students who have
attended a college or university, inside or outside of the United
States, are required to submit an official record of their work
from each institution attended.
records should be submitted in English translation. All records
must be official; notarized copies will not be accepted. All
records should be sent directly from the institution to the
University the student is applying.
A critical part of
the admission decision for an international student is the evaluation
of the applicantís English language proficiency. All American
institutions require international students verify English proficiency.
The most often used and accepted exam is the
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). International
student applicants should make timely arrangements to take this
exam, which is administered throughout the world by the Educational
Testing Service (ETS).
The TOEFL is administered
at testing centers throughout the world using both paper-based
testing and computer-based testing. Minimum TOEFL score requirements
vary from one University to the other. Score requirements may
also vary from one-degree program to another within an individual
applicants should request official results of the TOEFL be sent
directly from the Educational Testing Service to the institution(s)
to which the student is applying. Some Universities may require
the results of standardized tests (like the
ACT, SAT I and/or SAT II) in addition to an English language
proficiency test. Testing requirements for international students
will be identified in an information packet from an individual
are required to finance their own education and living expenses
while attending school in the United States. Only a few Universities
offer scholarship money for international students; most do
not. As a part of the application process, international students
are required to declare and verify the necessary funding. Individual
Universities will provide detailed information on how an international
student applicant must meet this requirement and the estimated
funding necessary for annual costs. Estimated expenses usually
include tuition and fees, housing, health insurance, books,
supplies and personal expenses.
For graduate application, you
are required to collect all the materials for admission and
submit them at one time to the Graduate School. These complete
applications are then reviewed by the Graduate School and prepared
for screening by the appropriate academic department. Departments
may require additional materials or procedures in addition to
the Graduate School requirements listed below. It is your responsibility
to contact the department or division offering the degree program
to which you are seeking admission to determine the additional
materials or procedures required.
a school accepts you for admission, they will issue a Form I-20
(Certificate of Eligibility) for Non-immigrant F-1 Student Status
with the admission packet. This admission packet includes
the I-20 form that you will take to the embassy or consulate
to apply for a visa. Instructions for obtaining a visa and other
information needed to help you prepare for departure will be
sent with your admission packet. Your form I-20 will tell
you the estimated cost of one yearís study at the school. Proof
of sufficient resources can come from your own funds or those
of close family members.
An applicant may apply for a student Visa not
earlier than 90 days before the registration date specified
on the I-20. If the registration date is already passed
or the applicant cannot reasonably expect to arrive at the school
by the registration date, the applicant should obtain an amended
I-20 or a letter of extension from the issuing institution stating
by what date the applicant may arrive.
are mainly two types of student visas:
(Student Visa). The F-1 visa is
for full-time students enrolled in an academic or language program.
F-1 students may stay in the US for the full length of their
academic program plus 60 days. F-1 students must maintain a
full-time course load and complete their studies by the expiration
date listed on the I-20 form.
(Exchange Visitor Visa). The J-1
visa is issued for students needing practical training that
is not available in their home country to complete their academic
program. The training must be directly related to the academic
program. The J-1 visa obligates the student to return to their
home country for a minimum of two years after the end of their
studies in the US before being eligible to apply for an immigrant
(permanent residence) visa.
Spouse and dependent children can get the F-2
status. They can apply with the student or at a later time.
If your family members apply for F-2 status at a later date,
they will need their own form I-20. They will also have to show
the INS substantial financial resources, as they will not be
allowed to work in F-2 Status.